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Sunday, October 9, 2011

Top Six Nobel Controversies Person's Of The World


 Barack Obama is The US President was riding an unstoppable wave of "Yes, we can" euphoria in 2009, which left other candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize swept aside by a bolt from the blue. Barack Obama was chosen for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples," which raised more than a few eyebrows, considering the nomination came just 12 days after he took office.

Cordell Hull is a man who perhaps embodies the word controversial more than anyone on this list, Cordell Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his prominent role in establishing the UN.But he is also accused of passively killing a quarter of the 950 Jewish refugees, seeking asylum from Nazi persecution, by not granting asylum as the secretary of sate.

Wangari Maathai is the first African woman who has  received the award, winning the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to empower rural women in Kenya to reverse deforestation should have been Wangari Maathai's big moment. But her award was overshadowed by a remark she allegedly made to a Kenyan newspaper wherein she claimed HIV/AIDS was originally developed by Western scientists in order to depopulate Africa.

While penicillin is widely cited as one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century, uncertainty over whether or not Alexander Fleming actually discovered it caused many to question his 1945 Nobel Prize for Medicine. Critics questioned the novelty of Fleming's find, referencing studies dating back to the 1870s that note the bacteria-fighting properties of the mold Penicillium notatum. Even Fleming himself admitted the discovery was a complete accident.

Clinching the 2008 Nobel Prize for Medicine for discovering that HPV causes cervical cancer was supposed to be Harald zur Hausen's moment in the limelight. But an anticorruption unit looked into charges of improper influence against AstraZeneca a pharmaceutical company that had a large stake in two HPV vaccines after it emerged that the company had strong links with two senior figures on the medicine prize's selection committee.

Once called "the most controversial to date," the decision to award the Nobel Peace Prize to Henry Kissinger in 1973 was fraught with debate. Critics said Kissinger's alleged involvement as Secretary of State in Operation Candor and the U.S. bombing campaigns in Cambodia made a mockery of the prize and led Tom Lehrer to quip that the award "made political satire obsolete."

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